Canada signs on to new rulebook for exploring the moon

  • Canada signs on to new rulebook for exploring the moon

Canada signs on to new rulebook for exploring the moon

Aside from the USA, the countries that have signed the Artemis Accords are Australia, Canada, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, the United Arab Emirates and the UK.

The US-led Artemis Accords are named after the Artemis program on lunar exploration that includes plans to send astronauts to the moon.

The pact, called the Artemis Accords, is intended as a framework for best practice on moon and space exploration, covering guidelines on the use of resources, making rocket fuel, safe operations and emergency assistance. The country's space agency chief, Dmitry Rogozin, said at an International Astronautical Congress virtual meeting Monday that the Artemis program is US -centric and he would prefer a model of cooperation akin to the International Space Station.

NASA said the accords would help avoid conflict in space and on earth by strengthening mutual understanding and reducing misperceptions. It is envisaged that additional countries will join the Artemis Accords in due time.

NASA's Artemis program, launched in 2017, aims to land the first woman and "the next man" on the moon in the southern pole region by 2024.

According to the British newspaper "Daily Mail", British companies will be able to bid for contracts worth at least 18 million pounds to build aspects of the new station through the UK's partnership with the European Space Agency.

The project will also set in motion principles that will bring about a safe, peaceful and prosperous future in space for all of humanity, the release said.

The Lunar Gateway space station will also orbit the moon and serve as a communications center and scientific laboratory for the long-term exploration of the lunar surface and Mars.

"If you want to join the Artemis journey, nations must abide by the Outer Space Treaty and other norms of behavior that will lead to a more peaceful, safe and prosperous future in space exploration, not just for NASA and its partners, but for all of humanity to enjoy", Mike Gold, acting associate administrator for NASA's Office of global and Interagency Relations, says in a call with Mike Wall for Space.com and other reporters.

"The Artemis journey is to the Moon, but the destination of the Accords is a peaceful and prosperous future".

Russia's lack of involvement in the Gateway could see the end of the close cooperation seen by the two big space-faring nations on the ISS for the last two decades.