NASA releases 10-year timelapse of the Sun

From its orbit in space around Earth, SDO has gathered 425 million high-resolution images of the Sun, amassing 20 million gigabytes of data over the past 10 years according to the statement released by NASA.

"Compiling one photo every hour, the movie condenses a decade of the Sun into 61 minutes", wrote NASA while sharing the video.

NASA has released an hour-long video time-lapse video consisting of the observations made by the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) over the past decade with its custom soundtrack!

The data that SDO has gathered over the past 10 years has enabled several new discoveries about the workings of the Sun and how it influences the solar system.

SDO is equipped with three instruments, the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA), EUV Variability Experiment (EVE) and the Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (HMI).

The timelapse shows the sun's outermost atmospheric layer, the corona, and was created using images "taken at an extreme ultraviolet wavelength of 17,1 nanometers".

For the goal of the time-lapse, NASA compiled a photo of the Sun taken every hour down to a 60-minute video. Each second of the video represents one day in the sun's life, and the entire decade blazes by in about 60 minutes (though you can see our 6-minute highlight reel above). It accomplishes these tasks by determining how the Sun's magnetic field is generated, and how this stored magnetic energy is converted and released into the heliosphere and geospace in the form of solar wind, energetic particles, and aberrations in the solar irradiance.

The footage shows the activity of rise and fall taking place on the Sun as a part of it's 11-year solar cycle. A longer blackout in 2016 was caused by a temporary issue with the AIA instrument that was successfully resolved after a week. At some moments in the video the sun moves off centre, this is due to the SDO calibrating its instruments.