Industry deal has United Kingdom being first to have Oxford COVID-19 vaccine

  • Industry deal has United Kingdom being first to have Oxford COVID-19 vaccine

Industry deal has United Kingdom being first to have Oxford COVID-19 vaccine

"If the same happened in humans, vaccination would not stop the spread", he said.

The first clinical trial of the Oxford vaccine is "progressing well", he said, noting that all Phase 1 participants recently received their vaccine dose.

The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine tracker has recorded over 150 vaccines in development globally, but only 15 that have started human trials, the majority of which are in China, the United States and the UK.

Around 100 COVID-19 vaccines are in development, and at least eight are in human testing.

Scientists at Israel's Tel Aviv University and biopharmaceutical company Neovii, for example, recently announced a project to develop a vaccine.

In a unique life-or-death Oxbridge partnership, Cambridge Big Biotech AstraZeneca has pledged to manufacture 100 million doses of a new vaccine from Oxford University if clinical trials prove it works on coronavirus victims.

Human tests of the ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 vaccine are now underway, after tests on computer mice as well as rhesus macaques at the United States National Institute of Health's Rocky Mountain Laboratory, the complete results of which were revealed recently in a non-peer-reviewed preprint. "It may be longer than any of us would want to think".

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He added that with the disease on the wane, there is a risk there may not be enough active disease to catch people.

The vaccine, however, will reduce the severity of the disease, the researchers said. "Therefore, vaccine efficacy in vulnerable populations and the potential for virus shedding in vaccinated people needs very careful monitoring".

Also today the European Medicines Agency (EMA) said licensed drugs to treat Covid-19 could be available in the next few months, and that a vaccine might be approved in early 2021, in a "best-case scenario".

"We are still living through this pandemic and there will be lessons to be learned", he said.

The researchers said that nose swabs from all animals had the virus.

The wave of government spending on vaccines comes as local media reported on Sunday that Johnson told his Conservative Party colleagues he aims to return the country to near-normality by July.

The drugmaker is in talks with global groups and governments "with the aim of delivering a safe, effective and globally accessible vaccine as quickly as possible", a spokesman told Reuters.

UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson, however, was not so sure, suggesting last week that "a mass vaccine or treatment may be more than a year away".

Despite that, he also warned against pinning all hopes on a vaccine, because a successful one may never be found.

But he added: 'I'd be surprised if we didn't end up with something'.

Across the country however, he said that amount was around 4 per cent.

But there is some benefit comes out of it as after first reports last week recommended the vaccine offered some immunity against the virus and stopped it growing deep into the lungs, where it becomes deadly.

So it is necessary for some of the volunteers to catch the coronavirus.