World Health Organization forecasts 81% cancer rise in poorer countries

  • World Health Organization forecasts 81% cancer rise in poorer countries

World Health Organization forecasts 81% cancer rise in poorer countries

However, cancer types linked to obesity and sedentary lifestyles, such as breast cancer and colorectal cancer, are also increasing, and are associated with higher socioeconomic status, the report said.

Cancer is the second leading cause of death globally - it accounts for 1 in 6 deaths around the world.

The survey led by The Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) and conducted by IPSOS, asked respondents around the world to nominate which issues they believed Governments should be addressing when it comes to cancer.

Of the 11.6 lakh cancer cases reported in 2018 in India, 5.7 lakh were detected in men and 5.9 lakh in women. It pointed out that one in five people worldwide would face a cancer diagnosis in their lifetime.

If current trends continue, World Health Organization warns, new cancer cases will rise by 60% by 2040, more than 80% in low- and middle-income countries. The report states, "In 2019, more than 90 per cent of high-income countries reported that comprehensive treatment services for cancer were available in the public health system compared to less than 15 per cent of low-income countries".

"At least 7 million lives could be saved over the next decade, by identifying the most appropriate science for each country situation, by basing strong cancer responses on universal health coverage, and by mobilizing different stakeholders to work together", WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said.

Approximately 70% of deaths from cancer occur in low- and middle-income countries.

There are now 164 million users of smokeless tobacco, 69 million smokers, and 42 million smokers and chewers in India. And that is at the cost of $2.70 per person in low-income countries and $8.15 cents per person in upper middle-income countries. For example, it notes tobacco-related diseases account for 25% of cancer deaths.

The reports highlight numerous proven interventions such as controlling tobacco use, which is responsible for a quarter of all cancer deaths; vaccinating against hepatitis B to prevent liver cancer; and eliminating cervical cancer by vaccinating against HPV.

February 4 is World Cancer Day and the WHO has released two global reports on the occasion.