Almost 200 countries attend ambitious climate talks

  • Almost 200 countries attend ambitious climate talks

Almost 200 countries attend ambitious climate talks

As coal, gas, and oil production continues, "climate-related natural disasters are becoming more frequent, more deadly, more destructive, with growing human and financial costs", Guterres pointed out.

Pelosi and other members of the United States congressional delegation - which has no formal role at the talks - also played down perceptions of a rift between more leftwing Democrats who favour a "green new deal" that would eliminate emissions from 2030, and those behind a bill that would legislate for net zero carbon by 2050.

United Nations secretary general Antonio Guterres has opened the COP 25 climate summit in Madrid warning that Governments risked sleepwalking "past a point of no return" if they remained idle. "If we don't do that we will end up in a catastrophic situation", he warned, before praising the work of young climate activists.

COP25 was supposed to take place in Chile, but anti-government protests and police repression there spurred Chile's government to bow out.

Asked about comments by Spain's interim prime minister, Pedro Sánchez, that "only a handful of fanatics deny the evidence" of man-made global warming, Pelosi responded that she had "three words that describe how we address this: science, science and science". According to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), around 30,000 participants have been accredited to the event. Spain will now play host to 12 days of talks addressing the biggest issue challenging the world today: climate change, and our dwindling window to take meaningful steps to stave off its worst effects.

"The global contributions to climate change fall far short", said Berthold Kuhn, an expert on sustainable development with the Free University of Berlin and senior advisor to the Dialogue of Civilizations Research Institute.

The report says that emissions have gone up by 1.5 percent per year in the last decade. In 2018, emissions totaled 55 gigatonnes of Carbon dioxide equivalent.

The UN urges countries to show real political will and determination to change their climate policies to still be able to achieve the goals of the 2015 Paris climate deal, keeping global warming below 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit).

Kuhn believes that market mechanisms should be well created to stimulate investment in projects like reforestation and other climate-friendly economic activities. This is a matter of public health, of clean air, of clean water, of our children, of the survival of our economies, of the prosperity of the world, of national security, justice and equality.

The agreement aims to fight climate change by preventing the global temperature from rising more than 2 degrees celcius obove pre-industrial levels.

He praised the European Union for its plans to cut emissions drastically by 2030, and cited the US, China, India and Japan as countries needing to join in to meet the challenge.

World leaders and experts are using COP25 as a venue for promoting multilateralism.

What should we expect from Cop 25?

Local media reported she may take part in a major climate change demonstration in the Spanish capital on December 6.