Tardigrades: 'Water Bears' Are Stuck On The Moon

Nova Spivack, co-founder of the AMF, told The Hindu in an email that a small sample from the Bodhi tree, along with material on learning Hindi, Urdu and information on music, were a part of the Lunar Library.

But what is this Lunar Library, and why was it carrying Indian soil? "We sort of expected that it would be successful". As The Wire has reported before, they have been known to come back to life even after being exposed to radiation in space and being frozen for several years. "We knew there were risks but we didn't think the risks were that significant". Together with the library, Arch Mission sent human DNA samples and a payload of tardigrades, which had been dehydrated, into space. That distinction belongs to the DNA and microbes contained in the nearly 100 bags of feces and urine left behind by American astronauts during the Apollo lunar landings from 1969-1972.

"Water bears" are incredibly resilient creatures. On the lunar lander was a cellular "library" that includes plant and animal cells and human DNA.

"Our job, as the hard backup of this planet, is to make sure that we protect our heritage - both our knowledge and our biology", said Spivack. On April 11, it crash landed on the moon after a series of technical failures during its final descent. Breitbart News was in the control room at Israel Aerospace Industries where the team behind Beresheet watched with a mixture of nerves and excitement. Beresheet cost some $100 million to build but that is pennies when it comes to space exploration, Kfir Damari of SpaceIL explained, with other moon landers costing at least ten times that amount. It was a joint venture between private companies SpaceIL and Israel Aerospace Industries, funded nearly entirely by private donations from well-known Jewish philanthropists, including South African billionaire Morris Kahn, Miriam and Sheldon Adelson, Lynn Schusterman, and others.

"I'm very excited, not just for Israel but for the Jewish people as a whole", Kahn told Breitbart Jerusalem before the spacecraft crashed.

The first four layers contain more than 60,000 analog images of pages of books, photographs, illustrations, and documents - etched as 150 to 200 dpi, at increasing levels of magnification, by optical nanolithography. "It's a uniquely Israeli project".

Tardigrades, pudgy microscopic eight-legged micro-animals that have survived in some of harshest environments on Earth, may now be the first living permanent inhabitants on the moon, experts believe.