Hookah adversely affects heart health

  • Hookah adversely affects heart health

Hookah adversely affects heart health

"Hookah smoke contains harmful substances and the American Heart Association strongly recommends avoiding the use of tobacco in any form", said Aruni Bhatnagar, director of the University of Louisville Diabetes and Obesity Center and study author, in a news release.

Smoking tobacco through Hookah results in inhaling more toxic chemicals than a cigarette.

There is growing evidence that hookah smoking affects heart rate and blood pressure, with chronic use linked to an increased risk of heart disease, the American Heart Association warned.

Bhatnagar said that, unlike cigarettes, hookah products can be marketed in candy and fruit flavors, which appeal to younger users.

The statement covers the design and operation of water pipes and how they're used by youths and adults; what is in hookah smoke that is or may be harmful; the cardiovascular risks; approaches to getting people to stop using hookahs; advice for healthcare professionals; and areas in need of further research.

The scientific statement is the first by the AHA to address the cardiovascular impact of water pipe tobacco smoking.

Burning charcoal is placed on top of the tobacco-filled bowl and hookah tobacco typically includes a combination of dried fruit, flavored tobacco, and other substances.

A meta-analysis of water pipe users from four countries found that, on average, daily hookah use produced a 24-hour urinary cotinine level of 0.783 mg/mL, the same as delivered by smoking 10 cigarettes. "These techniques include educating the smoker about the health consequences of water pipe use, increasing motivation to quit by reviewing the pros and cons of smoking and quitting, setting and preparing for the quit day, and providing coping assistance to prevent relapse", they write, noting that there are now no data on the effectiveness of pharmacological therapies in this population.

Hookah pipes are significant sources of carbon monoxide exposure, with one session generating 35 times more CO than one cigarette, according to one study.

Hookah pipes deliver particulate matter with diameters ranging from 0.01 to 0.2 microns, with a median of 0.04 to 0.05 microns.

A single session of hookah can lead to greater exposure to carbon monoxide than smoking a single cigarette, and causes harm to the heart and blood vessels, say researchers including one of an Indian-origin.

Almost 14 percent of American adults between ages 18 and 24 have reported using hookah, according to the study.

And in the 2016 Monitoring the Future survey, 13% of 12th graders reported water pipe use over the previous year. In the United States, use is more intermittent and concentrated in youths and young adults. In addition, those who use a hookah are more likely to start smoking cigarettes than those who have never smoked a hookah.

There are few robust studies on methods to get people to quit smoking hookahs, but the authors say that certain approaches that have been shown to be effective for quitting cigarettes may be useful in this setting. In the United States, recent surveys have estimated hookah usage that range from 4. The sweetness of the flavours masks the harshness of smoke that makes it easier to continue smoking hookahs.

"Hookah smoking is still tobacco smoking", said Dr. Mohammed Jawad, a research postgraduate at the Imperial College London.