2018 was fourth warmest year on record says NASA

  • 2018 was fourth warmest year on record says NASA

2018 was fourth warmest year on record says NASA

According to NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS), the global temperature for 2018 was 1.5 degrees Fahrenheit warmer than the mean global temperature for the years 1951-1980.

New data confirms last year was one of the hottest ever recorded, and British meteorologists are predicting the next five years will be even hotter than 2018.

Global temperatures in 2018 were 0.83 C warmer than the average temperature between 1951 to 1980, according to scientists at NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) in NY.

Due to the dynamic character of global weather patterns, not every place of the Earth experiences the same levels of warming.

"2018 is yet again an extremely warm year on top of a long-term global warming trend", GISS Director Gavin Schmidt said in a statement on Wednesday.

A United Nations report previous year said the world is likely to breach 1.5C sometime between 2030 and 2052 on current trends, triggering ever more heat waves, powerful storms, droughts, mudslides, extinctions and rising sea levels.

"In addition, mass loss from the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets continued to contribute to sea level rise".

Schmidt also said that increasing temperatures can also contribute to longer fire seasons and some extreme weather events.

Scientists believe that without a rapid reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, the warming trend will continue and the effects of climate change more severe.

Using much of the same data, NOAA estimates that global temperatures were 1.42 degrees Fahrenheit (0.79 degrees Celsius) higher than the 20th-century average.

According to NASA, its temperature analyses incorporates surface temperature measurements from 6,300 weather stations, ship- and buoy-based observations of sea surface temperatures, and temperature measurements from Antarctic research stations.