Global Lung Ca Deaths Expected to Rise 43% Among Women by 2030

Every year more people in New Zealand die of lung cancer than breast cancer, prostate cancer, and melanoma combined.

Air pollution has emerged as a major factor for lung cancer in India, especially among those below the age of 40, suggests a new study conducted by Sir Ganga Ram Hospital (SGRH), Delhi, along with Lung Care Foundation.

The researchers found that compared to middle-income countries, high-income countries have the highest projected mortality rates for both lung and breast cancer in 2030.

Breast cancer deaths in Europe will remain the highest in the world, although rates are projected to continue trending downward in 2030. These differences are related to lifestyles: smoking has been developing in women for a long time in Europe and Oceania, resulting in an increase in the number of women affected by lung cancer.

Lung cancer is unfortunately one of those diseases where symptoms may not present until the late stages, when treatment options are limited, and the survival rate is very low. Conversely, the breast cancer mortality rate is expected to decrease.

"While we have made great strides in reducing breast cancer mortality globally, lung cancer mortality rates among women are on the rise worldwide", said Martínez-Sánchez. Asian populations are increasingly adopting the Western way of life, but the latter is associated with higher rates of obesity and higher alcohol consumption, which can increase the risk of breast cancer.

Unfortunately lung cancer is a silent killer in the sense most of the patient are diagnosed at the advanced stage, most of the early tumors the symptoms are mild to severe cough, chest pain these are often missed in the early stages of cancer. "On the other hand, we are witnessing a decrease in breast cancer mortality in Europe, which may be related to the awareness of breast cancer among this population, leading to active participation in screening programs and the improvement of treatments". "The percentage of non-smokers detected with lung cancer was 70% in the younger age group (less than 50 years)".

The necessity of projecting future mortality trends based on the assumption that recent trends will remain relatively unchanged was a study limitation.

Martin-Sanchez and co-authors disclosed no relevant relationships with industry.